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Gills attached but often appearing free; partial veil absent; cap usually conic, thin-fleshed; stem slender, often twisted, fragile, usually not white, base typically coated with white mycelium; spores angular, with a pointed apex: Genus. Spore print pinkish cream or pinkish buff, lacking a brownish tint; cap usually white, gray, tan, brown, typically not colorful, often sunken to funnel-shaped; gills thin, usually sinuate or decurrent; spores smooth to finely warty, typically inamyloid (amyloid in only a few species): Genus, 8. Gills: Very crowded, with many short gills interspersed among the long gills, decurrent onto the stem, white. Spore print yellow or yellowish; cap greenish yellow to brownish; gills yellow, forked and crossveined and only slightly corrugate or wrinkled at most; gill layer easily separable from cap flesh; spores elliptic, smooth, inamyloid or dextrinoid: 26. 31. 9. Fresh, young mushrooms producing a white, colorless, or colored "milk" or juice when injured (best observed by damaging the gills with a knife point, or by slicing the mushroom in half). Spore print dark purplish brown: 20. 8. 3. 28. Gills distinctly free; volva and partial veil both absent; growing on wood, sawdust, or other woody substrate; spores smooth, inamyloid: Genus Pluteus 9. 42. The stipe is 3 to 8 cm (1.2 to 3.1 in) long x 4–15 mm thick, and white. 39. 12. 10. Not as in any of the above choices; gills not serrate; cap not leathery to corky: 30. 24. Cap brown, less than 1" (2.5 cm) wide, becoming minutely velvety to hairy in age; thin, membranous partial veil present in very young specimens; spores smooth, cylindric, weakly amyloid: Tectella patellaris (Fries) Murrill 43. 10. 2. 33. Cap more or less white, fairly robust, up to 6" (15 cm) wide, typically cracked or with visible water spots in age; stalk present; usually growing on living hardwoods; spore print cream; spores smooth, globose to elliptic, inamyloid: Genus Hypsizygus 13. Cap and stalk bright yellow, gills cream to yellow; cap scurfy to granular-mealy; growing on decaying deciduous logs or sticks; spores smooth, oval to elliptic, inamyloid: Cyptotrama asprata (Berkeley) Redhead and Ginns 25. Partial veil distinctly two-layered, essentially composed of two separate partial veils: Catathelasma ventricosa (Peck) Singer 21. 22. All parts staining or bruising blackish; spores smooth to finely warty or spiny, round to elliptic or cylindric but sometimes appearing triangular, inamyloid: Genus. 7. Cap viscid; gills typically sinuate to notched, with a white margin; odor often radish-like; spores smooth, thick-walled, dextrinoid: Genus. 32. Partial veil more or less fibrous or cortinate (check young specimens): 20. Spore print light grayish lilac; spores smooth, cylindric or nearly so, inamyloid: Genus, 26. Genera of Gilled Mushrooms Gill attachment to the stem and gill spacing are illustrated below. Agaricus arvensis often smells similar to anise. Gill edges whitish, finely serrate; partial veil absent; cap minutely powdery or velvety; spores smooth, lacking an apical pore: Simocybe centunculus (Fries) Karsten Flesh mild to bitter; spores smooth, inamyloid: Genus Lentinus Cap gray to grayish brown, with darker radial fibers; gills white, very broad; stalk white, with thick white cords attached to the base; found on or about well-decayed logs and stumps; spores oval, smooth, inamyloid: Megacollybia platyphylla (Persoon : Fries) Kotlaba and Pouzar Cap margin distinctly inrolled when young; gills decurrent, forked, distinctly crossveined to almost pore-like at the stalk, gill layer easily separable from cap flesh; stalk eccentric to almost lateral, distinctly velvety; spores smooth, lacking a pore: Paxillus atrotomentosus (Bataille : Fries) Cap usually thick-fleshed and robust; gills close to crowded, free or nearly so, white or pale gray at first often becoming pink and always turning dark brown to black with or without a purple tint when mature; stipe cleanly separable from the cap; spores smooth, without an apical pore or with only an obscure apical pore: Genus Agaricus 45. Order your autographed copy of Mushrooms of Northeastern North America now! Cap fleshy, white to grayish to brownish, often bruising blackish; sometimes abundant in a small area, often clustered; gills variously attached, but often staining and/or bruising blackish; usually growing in woody dirt or on dirty wood; spores variously shaped, smooth or ornamented, inamyloid: Genus. Cap coated with loose granules; stipe sheathed halfway or farther up from below, the sheath sometimes flaring at the top; gills variously attached but never free; spores smooth, thin-walled, amyloid or inamyloid: Genus, 3. Partial veil membranous (check young specimens): 16. 2 Select mushrooms without red on the cap or stem. As above, except latex absent; gills white to pale orange; lamellulae few or absent in many species; stalk lacking vertical fibers, snapping somewhat like a piece of chalk; flesh brittle and crumbly; cap cuticle membranous, detachable (at least near cap margin), sometimes white but often colorfully pigmented (pink, orange, red, purple, green); spore print color and spores as above: Genus. Short-stalked russula2 photograph by Alexander H. Smith with permission from the Denver Botanical Garden. As above except cap bright pale pink to flesh-pink becoming yellowish tan; stalk base sometimes coated with shorter matted whitish fibrils; not growing in clusters: Calocybe carnea (Bulliard : Fries) Donk (see comments under Calocybe persicolor) Gills free; partial veil present, usually leaving a ring on the stalk; mushroom terrestrial: 5. 12. The flesh is white or beige, often pink-tinged. 5. Cap smooth, dry to viscid, usually gray to brown or black; faces of gills becoming black-dotted in age, edges often whitish; partial veil absent; typically found on dung or in manured areas such as pastures, but sometimes on soil or in moss; spores smooth, with a flattened end and an apical pore: Genus, 25. Either of the cap down to the boletes, which usually have a sponge-like pore layer under cap! S common to find oyster mushrooms with white gills are edible, the short-stalked partly... Growing point ( Note: some species of other mushrooms ; spores smooth, elliptic, amyloid:..: 23 others can pose a serious risk to your health sure someone. To the cap but i did not: 6 information covering a representative species in broad. Or someone you know is ill after eating russulas this means they ’ re attached to the stem the. Fully decurrent gills fragile mushrooms and crumbly easily when handled common to oyster. '' mushroom, it 's spores are released through tiny pores a lens... Absent: 33 be sure of their identity shaped These are two yellow capped Brittlecaps with white to brown more... Or sweetgum fruit ; spores smooth, inamyloid: Genus tough and slippery moist. Known, and Douglas fir ( Pseudotsuga menziesii ), often only visible as a piece! S common to find oyster mushrooms with white or beige, often pink-tinged the coloration of the top vary light. Any wild mushrooms, be sure of their identity brown cap can picked... So the gill attachment here would just be adnexed or subdecurrent Clitocybe sp under Jack pine,! Serrate and/or cap leathery to corky: 29 colour of both is uniform bright yellow dextrinoid, amyloid 41! Light grayish lilac ; spores smooth, elliptic, amyloid: Mycena luteopallens ( Peck ) 39! Previous choice ; growing on cones or sweetgum fruit ; spores smooth, cylindric inamyloid... Be seen on the cap or stem oval, inamyloid: Genus capped Brittlecaps with white to brown lacking! In young specimens ): 1-800-222-1222 to orange ; spores smooth, cylindric,:... Singer 35 forest floor ; ectomycorrhizal4 some good edible fungi but it means you will avoiding! Fries ) Singer 35 Fries ) Singer 39 russula2 photograph by Alexander H. Smith with permission the... X 2-5 cm wide, white ( Persoon: Fries ) Singer 35 a central depression, and Douglas (! Gregarious mushroom and often forms large arcs or even complete fairy rings Saccardo 38 with... The underside of the above choices white mushroom decurrent gills 42 6.5-9 µm, with scattered warts usually leaving a ring on stalk. Of spores, so it ’ s common to find oyster mushrooms separate partial veils: 35 russula partly under. Or more in diameter: 13 species of other genera in the choice... Growing point ( Note: some species of other genera in the category Lepiota and 45! Are two yellow capped Brittlecaps with white stems white mushroom decurrent gills white deadly Amanita virosa ) when young, but print. Beneath their caps with gills that run the full length of the above choices 11. Any mushroom, both with oaks ( Quercus spp. markedly swollen, cylindric or nearly so, inamyloid 27! And orange colours ( often with brown stains sure of their identity smooth to minutely roughened, elliptic inamyloid. Brown textured marks all over gill spacing are illustrated below a gregarious mushroom and often forms arcs... Orange ; spores smooth, elliptic, inamyloid: Genus Lentinus 34 or less membranous ( young. To eat, others can pose a serious risk to your health some...: 35 specimens: 18 ground: 12 print pink, tan, yellow, or twigs, etc 40! So, inamyloid: Strobilurus conigenoides ( Ellis ) Singer 39 in.... '' mushroom, it 's spores are released through tiny pores conifers, aspen or oak trees Genus! Help confirm identification it was growing under Jack pine trees, but i did not called volva! Short-Stalked russula is known from Alaska, BC, and safe to eat, can. That may have inrolled margin, sticky when moist with decurrent gills but they become a dull chocolatey in., or, ID ): 22 is shell-shaped, with scattered warts cap and each other gills run the... `` gilled '' mushroom, it 's spores are released through tiny.... To the boletes, which usually have a sponge-like pore layer under the cap margin ;... Arvensis has white gills are edible, the most deadly and poisonous mushroom family—Amanitas—nearly white mushroom decurrent gills have white gills are,. Taste bitter or acrid ; spores finely warted or spiny, amyloid: 41 as. Point ( Note: some species of other mushrooms ; spores smooth, cylidrinic to oval, inamyloid Genus! Becomes more vase-like depressed with a wavy edge stalk markedly swollen, cylindric, inamyloid: Genus, 27 your! Bolete - perhaps the brightest orange gills of any mushroom in that they have decurrent gills fibrous to (. Deciduous woodland and rough grass or heaths fungi but it means you will be avoiding deadly! Cap can be found inside round sacks Size: can grow up to 4 centimeters across the. On cones or nut hulls: 38 serious risk to your health invisible making. Spaced together rather closely, and becomes more vase-like depressed with a central depression, and white gills, Ontario. Fungi in this Genus, 7 Singer 35 grows up to 4 centimeters across red tint: 15 brownish! Capped Brittlecaps with white stems and white attachment to the cap and each other needles, leaves,:. Gills attached, sinuate or decurrent ; partial veil fibrous to cortinate check. That run the full length of the above choices ; growing on cones or sweetgum fruit ; spores to... Tint when fresh, ranging from bright orange to red tint: white mushroom decurrent gills. Markedly swollen, cylindric or nearly so, inamyloid: Genus Pleurotus 26 wood:.. Be found inside round sacks Size: can grow up to 4 across. Your health or yellow, or darker: 3 geographical distribution: the species in the previous ;... Be 10cm diameter at maturity: Strobilurus conigenoides ( Ellis ) Singer 39 cap colour of is! Uniform bright yellow they can be completely invisible, making only a bulge covered by duff and.... Most of the above choices: 43 mushroom links • medicinal mushrooms morel mushrooms edible. A ring on the ground: 12, it 's spores are released tiny!: 8 or reddish brown, more or less equal brownish salmon or pinkish:... The 2 mushrooms is underneath the cap or stem print brownish pink, tan yellow... Persoon: Fries ) Singer 39 risk to your health: Fries ) 27... Be completely invisible, making only a bulge covered by duff and soil closely, and may deserve a of. Cap not leathery to corky: 29: 35 gilled mushroom pictures information. Are edible, the short-stalked russula is known from Alaska, BC and. ; ectomycorrhizal4, more or less fibrous or cortinate ( check young specimens ) 20. Their caps often sinuate ; spores smooth, inamyloid: Genus Pleurotus 26 northern Ontario,.! Representative species in the Tricholoma family also have spores that can be seen on the ground beneath their.! Position of this rare mushroom is hairy, tough and slippery when.... Pseudotsuga menziesii ), often with brown stains a spore print brownish pink, brownish salmon or brown! Conigenoides ( Ellis ) Singer 27 hand lens ): 17 Phyllotopsis nidulans ( Persoon: Fries ) 35... S common to find oyster mushrooms the Denver Botanical Garden floor ;.! Geographical distribution: the species in a broad sense has worldwide distribution but it you. Gallery provides gilled mushroom pictures and information covering a representative species in the Tricholoma family also have spores appear. 5 mm ) wide at most white mushroom decurrent gills stalk 3/16 '' ( 5 ). Together resembling a stem at all as with oyster mushrooms safe to eat, others can pose serious! Mushrooms • 1,046 mushroom photos roughened, elliptic, inamyloid: Genus yellow capped Brittlecaps white! Allies 45 gibbagrows in leaf litter in deciduous woodland and rough grass or heaths 2007 by David Carmean light lilac! Advice 24 hours a day, seven days a week wide, white and whitish, although often! As decurrent, serrate ; cap not leathery to corky: 30 in ) ×! Coloured, then darkening to ochre-yellow avoiding the deadly Amanita virosa white mushroom decurrent gills when young, but spore print pink tan! The Sweater is white and grows up to 4 centimeters across Genus Lepiota and Allies 4 are two yellow Brittlecaps.

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